Symptoms, causes, Treatment of asthma

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Symptoms, causes, Treatment of asthma – This disease is an inflammatory disease of the airways to the lungs. It makes shortness in breathing and can make some physical activities even impossible.

Approximately 25 million Americans people’s have asthma disease.

This is the most common chronic condition among American childrens : 1 child out of every 15Trusted Source has asthma.

To know about asthma, it is necessary to understand what happens when you Breathing.

Normally, when you take every breath, air goes through your nose or mouth and go down into your throat and into your airway, eventually make it to your lungs.

There are lots of small air drops passes in your lungs that help to deliver oxygen from the air into your bloodstream.

Asthma symptoms are occurring when the lining of your airways swell and the muscles around them tighten. Mucus then fills the airway, further reduce the amount of air that can pass through.

This conditions can then bring an attack of asthma the coughing and tightness in your chest that’s is an

Breathing exercises

These exercises can help you get more air into and out of your lungs. Over time, this may help increase lung capacity and cut down on severe asthma symptoms.

Your doctor or an occupational therapist can help you learn these breathing exercises for asthma.

Symptoms, causes, Treatment of asthma

Asthma symptoms

The most common asthma symptom  is wheezing, a squeal or whistling sound made when you breathing.

Other asthma symptoms may includs :

  • coughing, especially at the night, when laugh, or when during exercises
  • chest tightness
  • shortness in breath
  • Feeling difficulty when talking
  • Tiredness

The type of asthma that you have can determine which symptoms you noticed or experience.

Not every person with asthma will experience these particular symptoms. If you think the symptoms you are experiencing could be a sign of a condition such as asthma disease, make an appointment to see your doctor.

The first indication that you have asthma may not be an actual asthma attack.

Symptoms, causes, Treatment of asthma

Types of asthma

There are many types of asthma.

The most common type is bronchial asthma of asthma disease, which affects on the bronchi in the lungs.

Additional forms of asthma include adult-onset asthma asthma and childhood asthma. In adult-onset asthma, symptoms don’t appear until at least age 21.

More specific types of asthma are described below.

Allergic asthma

Allergens trigger this is a common type of asthma. These might includes:

  • pet dander from animals like dogs
  • food
  • mold
  • pollen
  • dust

Allergic asthma is often seasonal because of it often goes hand-in-hand with seasonal allergies or infections.

Nonallergic asthma

Irritants in the air not related to allergies trigger this type of asthma. These irritants might include:

  • burning wood
  • smoke of cigarette
  • cool air
  • Pollution in air
  • air fresheners
  • household clean products
  • perfumes

Occupational asthma

Occupational asthma induced by triggers at the work place. This type of asthma include:

  • Dyes
  • dust
  • gases and fumes
  • industrial chemicals
  • animal protein

Aspirin-induced asthma

(AIA) Aspirin – induced asthma , also called aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD), is a usually severe.

It is triggered by taking aspirin or another nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), such as naproxen (Aleve) or ibuprofen (Advil).

The symptoms may begin within hours.

About 9% of people with asthma have AIA ( Aspirin – induced asthma). It usually develops suddenly in adults between the ages of 19 and 51

Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB)

Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) usually affect on people within a few minutes of starting exercise and up to 5–15 minutes after physical activities.

This condition was previously known as exercise-induced asthma (EIA).

Up to 90% of people’s with asthma disease also experience Exercise – induced bronchoconstriction, but not everyone with EIB will have other types of asthma disease.

Nocturnal asthma

In this type of asthma, symptoms worsen at the time of night.

Triggers that are thought to bring on symptoms at the time of night include:

  • heartburn
  • pet dander
  • dust mites

Cough-variant asthma (CVA)

Cough-variant asthma (CVA) does not have classic asthma symptoms of wheezing and shortness of breathing. It is characterized by a persistent, dry cough.

If it’s not treated, CVA can lead to full-blown asthma flares that includes other more common symptoms.

Diagnosis

There’s no any single test or exams that will determine if you or your child has asthma. Instead, your doctor will use a variety of criteria to determine if the symptoms are the result of asthma disease.

The following can help diagnose asthma:

Health history – If you have family persons with the breathing disorder, your risk is high. Alert your doctor to this gentic connections.

Physical exam – doctor will listen to your breathing with the help of stethoscope. You may also be given a skin test to look for signs of an allergy reaction, such as hives or eczema. Allergies increase your risk for asthma problem.

Breathing test -PFTs measure air into and out of your lungs. For the most common test, spirometry, you blow into a device that calculate or measure the speed of the air.

Doctors do not typically perform breathing tests in childrens under 6 years of age because it’s difficult to get an accurate reading.

Instead, they may prescribe asthma medications to your children and wait till to see if symptoms improve. If they do, your children likely has asthma.

For adults, your doctor may prescribe a bronchodilator or other more asthma medication if test results indicate asthma.

If symptoms improve with the use of this medication of your docter , your doctor will continue to treat your condition as asthma.

Symptoms, causes, Treatment of asthma

Causes

No any single cause has been identified for asthma disease. Instead, researchers believes that the breathing condition is caused by variety of factors. These factors includes:

Genetics – According to heath history If a parent or sibling has asthma, you are more likely to develop it.

History of viral infections –   People with a history of severe viral infections during childhood may be more chances likely to develop the condition.

Hygiene hypothesis – This theory explains that when babies aren’t exposed to enough bacteria in their early years and months, their immune system do not become strong enough to fight against asthma and other allergic conditions.

Treatment of asthma

asthma Treatments fall into three primary categories:

  • exercises of breathing
  • quick-acting treatments
  • long-time asthma control medications

doctors will recommend one treatment based on:

  • the asthma type you have
  • year old ( your age)
  • triggers (your)

Breathing exercises

The Breathing exercises can help you get more air out and into of your lungs. Over time, this may help to increase lungs capacity and cut down on severe asthma disease symptoms.

Your doctor or the rapist can help you learn these breathing exercises for asthma disease.

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